Basic Principles and Operation

Basic Principles

An electric motor is a device that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy through the interaction of magnetic fields and electric currents.

Electric motors operate on the principle of electromagnetic induction, where a current-carrying conductor placed in a magnetic field experiences a force. This principle was discovered by Michael Faraday in 1831.

When an electric current flows through a wire or coil within a magnetic field, it generates a magnetic field around the conductor. The interaction between this magnetic field and the external magnetic field produces a force that causes motion.

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